Skin Cancer is the uncontrollable growth of the abnormal skin cells. When unrepaired DNA damages to skin cells it triggers mutations, genetic effects that lead the skin cells to multiply fast and form malignant tumor. There are three types of skin cancer known as Squamous cell carcinoma (Second most common), Basal cell carcinoma (Most common) and melanoma(Rare).
Basal cell carcinoma forms in any part of the skin which is highly exposed to the sun. It is not metastatic in nature (will not spread from one part to another), the tumor starts as small shiny bumps usually on the face particularly on the nose area. It usually grows very slowly and a person has an increased chance of risk if he/she appears on heavy sunlight.
Squamous cell carcinoma This causes due to the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells arising in the squamous cells. It often looks like red patches, open sores, warts. SSC may occur in any part of the body including mucous membrane and genitals and mostly sun-exposed areas will be having an increased risk of SSC such as the bald scalp, arms, legs, neck, face and lower lip.
Melanoma is the serious type of skin cancer. The signs of melanoma are changes in the skin shape, color, size and they have black-blue patches. It also appears as a new mold which may be black, abnormal in size.
Too much of exposure to sunlight induces skin cancer. People who use tanning beds have the higher risk of exposing to Squamous cell carcinoma. The skin cancer might develop from ulcers, burns, long-standing sores and the areas which were previously exposed to certain chemical or X-rays. Chronic infection and skin inflammation also leads skin cancer.
Every cancer is curable if it is detected earlier. There are some normal activities which we can follow to avoid skin cancer
- Avoiding overexposure to sunlight, chemicals, radioactive material
- Avoid Tanning and UV tanning
- Use Sun Proof lotion or cream before going out
- Do not expose to burning
- Monthly examine your body from head to toe
Early detection of cancer can be treated without any threats. If it is left untreated it may spread to underlying tissues. The treatment choice depends on the size, location, type and the depth of tumor penetration as well as the patients’ age and health. The generally offering treatments are:
- Topical Medications
- Laser Surgery
- Micrographic Surgery
- Excisional Surgery
- Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)
Guru Multispecialty Hospital offers the best Treatment for skin cancer in Madurai with help of a dedicated team.
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