Gynecological Cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. It can be called by several names like uterine cancer and endometrial cancer. The treatment of Gynecological Cancer varies according to the exactly where cancer started.
There are five types of gynecological cancers
- Womb Cancer
- Ovarian Cancer
- Cervical Cancer
- Vulval Cancer
- Vaginal Cancer
It is cancer within the lining of the womb. The womb cancer begins in womb lining, where the cells that grow are then shed each month as a menstrual loss.When cancer starts ,these cells change their normal appearance, increase in size and results in the tumor. The common symptom of womb cancer is abnormal bleeding from the vagina. The surgical removal of the womb is the common treatment for womb cancer.
The ovarian cancer is the fifth peak common cancer among women after breast cancer, bowel cancer, lung cancer and cancer of the uterus. Ovarian cancer may occur in different parts of the ovary. The most of the ovarian cancers develop from the skin of the outer lining of the ovary.This cancer begins with a mutation in the structure of the DNA in cells, which can affect how they grow.The common symptoms, such as back pain, needing to pass urine more frequently than usual, and pain during sex.The treatment for this type of cancer is surgery.
Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix which connects a woman's womb and vagina.They are caused by a common sexually transmitted infection. The symptoms of cervical cancer can’t be detected easily.The treatment for this cancer is Large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) and Cone biopsy.
The vulval cancer is one of the rarer cancers. The vulva is a woman’s external sex organ. These cancers develop from a condition called vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN).
The symptoms of this cancer are
- Thickened, raised, red, white/dark patches on the skin of the vulva
- Growth visible on the skin
- A mole on the vulva that changes shape or color
- Swelling of the vulva
The treatment for this cancer depends on factors such as how far cancer has spread, general health, and personal wishes.
Vaginal cancer is a very rare disease which originates in the vagina. It is a skin cancer which is very rare.It starts when a cell changes its growth pattern, increasing in size until it develops into a tumor.The main symptoms of this cancer include:
- Bleeding between periods, after menopause or after sex
- Vaginal discharge that smells
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- A growth in the vagina that you or your doctor can feel
This cancer is treated with surgery, or can be treated using chemotherapy and radiotherapy depending on its particular pattern change.
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