Wednesday, 1 February 2017

Are You Suffering from A Persistent Cough ?

Lung Cancer is a type of cancer which begins in the lungs. The lungs are two spongy organs in the chest that take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. People who smoke have the greatest risk of lung cancer. The risk of lung cancer usually increases with the length of time and number of cigarettes smoked.

Lung cancer doesn't cause signs and symptoms in its early stages. Signs and symptoms of lung cancer usually occur only when the disease is advanced.

Signs and symptoms of lung cancer includes:
  • Severe cough that doesn't go away.
  • Spots of blood in the cough.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Chest pain.
  • Wheezing.
  • Hoarseness.
  • Loss of weight.
  • Congestion in the chest.
  • Headache.

Nearly 80 % of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking. Lung cancer also occurs in people who never smoked and in those who never had prolonged exposure to second-hand smoke. In these cases, there may be no clear cause of lung cancer. other risk factors of the lung cancer are exposure to asbestos and other carcinogens and one with the family history of lung cancer.

Lung Cancers are divided into two types based on the way the cells look under a microscope. they are:
  • Small cell lung cancer
  • Non-small cell lung cancer

Stage I : Cancer is limited to the lungs and hasn't spread to the lymph nodes.
Stage II : The tumour at this stage may have grown larger than 2 inches, or it may involve nearby structures such as the chest wall, the diaphragm or the lining around the lungs. Cancer may also have spread to the nearby lymph nodes.
Stage III : The tumour at this stage may have grown very large and hampered other organs near the lungs.
Stage IV : Cancer has spread beyond the affected lung to the other lung or to distant areas of the body.
Cancer treatment plan is based on a number of factors, such as the patient's overall health, the type and stage of cancer and preferences. Options typically include one or more treatments like surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or targeted drug therapy.
Guru Multispecialty Hospital, Madurai is a comprehensive cancer centre with state-of-the-art technologies. It is one of the largest cancer centres in Tamil Nadu with a unique commitment to provide world-class cancer care to everyone in need.

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Wednesday, 25 January 2017

All You Need to Know About Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer is the uncontrollable growth of the abnormal skin cells. When unrepaired DNA damages to skin cells it triggers mutations, genetic effects that lead the skin cells to multiply fast and form malignant tumor. There are three types of skin cancer known as Squamous cell carcinoma (Second most common), Basal cell carcinoma (Most common) and melanoma(Rare).

Basal cell carcinoma forms in any part of the skin which is highly exposed to the sun. It is not metastatic in nature (will not spread from one part to another), the tumor starts as small shiny bumps usually on the face particularly on the nose area. It usually grows very slowly and a person has an increased chance of risk if he/she appears on heavy sunlight.
Squamous cell carcinoma This causes due to the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells arising in the squamous cells. It often looks like red patches, open sores, warts. SSC may occur in any part of the body including mucous membrane and genitals and mostly sun-exposed areas will be having an increased risk of SSC such as the bald scalp, arms, legs, neck, face and lower lip.
Melanoma is the serious type of skin cancer. The signs of melanoma are changes in the skin shape, color, size and they have black-blue patches. It also appears as a new mold which may be black, abnormal in size.
Too much of exposure to sunlight induces skin cancer. People who use tanning beds have the higher risk of exposing to Squamous cell carcinoma. The skin cancer might develop from ulcers, burns, long-standing sores and the areas which were previously exposed to certain chemical or X-rays. Chronic infection and skin inflammation also leads skin cancer.
Every cancer is curable if it is detected earlier. There are some normal activities which we can follow to avoid skin cancer
  • Avoiding overexposure to sunlight, chemicals, radioactive material
  • Avoid Tanning and UV tanning
  • Use Sun Proof lotion or cream before going out
  • Do not expose to burning
  • Monthly examine your body from head to toe

Early detection of cancer can be treated without any threats. If it is left untreated it may spread to underlying tissues. The treatment choice depends on the size, location, type and the depth of tumor penetration as well as the patients’ age and health. The generally offering treatments are:
  •  Topical Medications
  • Radiation
  • Laser Surgery
  • Cryosurgery
  • Micrographic Surgery
  • Excisional Surgery
  • Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)

Guru Multispecialty Hospital
offers the best Treatment for skin cancer in Madurai with help of a dedicated team.

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Tuesday, 20 December 2016

Uterus Cancer Treatment in Madurai

Cervix is a part of the female reproductive system. It has an outer surface opening into the vagina and an inner surface facing the uterus. When there is a growth of abnormal cells in the lining of the Cervix, it denotes the development of Cervical Cancer.

Types of Cervical Cancers

Depending on the cells of origin, Cervical Cancer is divided into two types. The most common one is Squamous Cell Carcinoma and the less common one is Adenocarcinoma, found in the upper portion of the Cervix.

Causes of Cervical Cancer

Human Papilloma Virus or HPV is one of the biggest risk factors of Cervical Cancer. It is a common infection affecting the Cervix, vagina, and other areas. Some other causes are occupational exposure to Diethylstilbestrol or DES which is an artificial form of female estrogen, a weak immune system, lifestyle habits like smoking and using contraceptives  are at risk of Cervical Cancer.
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

Symptoms constitute unexplained loss of appetite and weight, persistent body pains including pain in the pelvic bone, fatigue, and fractures and swelling in the legs. Medical attention is required immediately if any of these symptoms are experienced.

Cervical Cancer Diagnosis

The Pap Smear test is used as a screening test all over the world to detect Cervical Cancer. Once this test is done, based on the type and stage, the next round of tests are conducted.

Treatment for Cervical Cancer

The treatment of Cervical Cancer depends on several factors. Various options of treatment will be suggested by your doctor based on your test results, the location of the Cancer, the speed of spreading and development, your age and overall health condition, and finally, conceiving. If a woman wants to conceive in future, the cancerous tissue is removed or destroyed through surgery without removing the uterus.

Another factor that determines the course of treatment is the stage the cancer is in. Loop electrosurgical excision procedure, cryotherapy, and laser therapy are used to treat the initial stages of Cervical Cancer.

Guru Multispecialty Hospital offers best Treatment for Cervical Cancer in Madurai with the help of dedicated team of doctors and other staff.

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Monday, 7 November 2016

Stomach Cancer Screening : A Little Precaution For A Healthy Future

Stomach Cancer also called Gastric Cancer forms when cells in the lining of the stomach began to grow uncontrollably becoming a tumor. A slow spreader if left untreated it will become  life threatening.
Major factors that causes heavy smoking, drug abuse, consumption of highly processed food, exposure to radiation and working in industries like coal, metal, timber, or rubber trigger the onset of the disease.

When you should visit a doctor ?
  • Feel like vomiting
  • Improper digestion
  • Heart burning
  • Lack of appetite
  • Recurrent pain in stomach
  • Extreme weakness
  • Constipation
  • Traces of blood in stool and urine

Importance of Stomach Cancer Screening:
Screening of  stomach cancer include looking for cancer before a person exhibit its symptoms. This method helps finding cancer very early. If cancer is diagnosed after surfacing of symptoms intensity of cancer will be high. By eating healthy, avoiding heavy smoking and drinking, treating stomach infections at the correct time  will help people  prevent this up to some extent.
The usual tests conducted for detecting the presence of stomach cancer include:
  • Medical history and physical exam
  • Upper endoscopy
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • Biopsy
  • Upper gastrointestinal (GI) series
  • Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Chest x-ray
Guru Multispecialty Hospital - Cancer offers best Stomach Cancer Treatment in Madurai with the help of dedicated team of doctors and other staff.


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Thursday, 6 October 2016

Best Kidney Cancer Treatment in Madurai

Kidney Cancer occurs when healthy cells from a kidney or both change and grow uncontrollably, forming a mass called a tumor. A malignant tumor is cancerous, meaning it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. An inactive  tumor is cancerous, but this type of tumor rarely spreads to other body parts. A benign tumor means that the tumor can grow but will not spread.

People with kidney cancer may experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes, people with this type of cancer do not have any of these symptoms. 

The major symptoms of kidney cancer are as follows: 
* Blood in the urine 
* Pain or pressure in the side or back
* A mass or lump on the side or back
* Swelling of the ankles and legs
* High blood pressure
* Anemia, ie low red blood cell count
*  Weakness
* Loss of appetite
* Weight loss for no apparent reason
* recurring fever that is not related to a cold, flu or other infection
* In men, the rapid development of a group of enlarged veins, known as varicocele, around a testicle

Kidney cancer is most often treated with surgery, targeted therapy, or immunotherapy. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are used frequently.

Surgery is the removal of the tumor and surrounding tissue healthy part during an operation. If the cancer has not spread outside the kidney, surgery to remove the tumor, part of the kidney or the entire kidney, and possibly tissue and nearby lymph nodes, may be the only treatment needed.

Guru Cancer Center offers Best Kidney Cancer Treatment in Madurai with the help of dedicated team of doctors and other staff. 

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Wednesday, 5 October 2016

Best Breast Cancer Treatment in Madurai

Breast Cancer is a  tumor that originates in the tissue of the mammary gland of a female. When tumor cells originates from glandular breast tissue and have the ability to invade healthy tissue around and reaches distant organs and results in  breast cancer.

This tumor can grow in three ways:
* Local growth : breast cancer grows by direct invasion, infiltrating neighboring structures such as the chest wall (muscle and bone) and skin.
* Lymphatic spread : the network of lymph vessels that holds the breast allows the lymph drainage is carried out at several node groups. The nodes in the armpit (axillary) are the most frequently affected, followed by those in the internal mammary artery (central chest area) and  supraclavicular (above the collarbone).
* Hematogenous spread : is through the blood vessels preferably to the bones, lung, liver and skin.

The most common symptoms for which women go to the doctor are:

* Appearance of a lump in the breast 
* Pain in the breast tenderness.
* Re sizing of either breast.
* Irregularities in contour
* Lower mobility of one breast to lift my arms.
* Alteration in the skin of the breast as ulcers, changes in color and appearance of what is called orange peel (for its skin-like appearance of the fruit).
* Changes in nipple like shrinking 
* Appearance of a lump in the armpit

There are other symptoms such as fatigue , bone pain, which can occur in more advanced stages of the disease.

The specialist will recommend and explain the possibilities of the most appropriate treatment in each case, so  patient have received sufficient information and can, along with the doctor, make a decision. 
The breast cancer management, as in most tumors, is multidisciplinary. Different specialties work together to combine therapies and offer the patient the best chance of cure.

Guru Cancer Center offers best Breast Cancer Treatment in Madurai with the help of dedicated team of doctors and other staff. 

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Saturday, 3 September 2016

Gynecological Cancer Treatment

Gynecological Cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. It can be called by several names like uterine cancer and endometrial cancer. The treatment of Gynecological Cancer varies according to the exactly where cancer started.


There are five types of gynecological cancers

  •  Womb Cancer
  •  Ovarian Cancer
  •  Cervical Cancer
  •  Vulval Cancer
  •  Vaginal Cancer

Womb Cancer

It is cancer within the lining of the womb. The womb cancer begins in womb lining, where the cells that grow are then shed each month as a menstrual loss.When cancer starts ,these cells change their normal appearance, increase in size and results in the tumor. The common symptom of womb cancer is abnormal bleeding from the vagina. The surgical removal of the womb is the common treatment for womb cancer.

Ovarian Cancer

The ovarian cancer is the fifth peak common cancer among women after breast cancer, bowel cancer, lung cancer and cancer of the uterus. Ovarian cancer may occur in different parts of the ovary. The most of the ovarian cancers develop from the skin of the outer lining of the ovary.This cancer begins with a mutation in the structure of the DNA in cells, which can affect how they grow.The common symptoms, such as back pain, needing to pass urine more frequently than usual, and pain during sex.The treatment for this type of cancer is surgery.


Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix which connects a woman's womb and vagina.They are caused by a common sexually transmitted infection. The symptoms of cervical cancer can’t be detected easily.The treatment for this cancer is  Large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) and Cone biopsy.

Vulval Cancer
The vulval cancer is one of the rarer cancers. The vulva is a woman’s external sex organ. These cancers develop from a condition called vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN).

The symptoms of this cancer are

  • Pain
  • Thickened, raised, red, white/dark patches on the skin of the vulva
  • Growth visible on the skin
  • A mole on the vulva that changes shape or color
  • Swelling of the vulva

The treatment for this cancer depends on factors such as how far cancer has spread, general health, and personal wishes.

Vaginal Cancer  

Vaginal cancer is a very rare disease which originates in the vagina. It is a skin cancer which is very rare.It starts when a cell changes its growth pattern, increasing in size until it develops into a tumor.The main symptoms of this cancer include:

  • Bleeding between periods, after menopause or after sex
  • Vaginal discharge that smells
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • A growth in the vagina that you or your doctor can feel

This cancer is treated with surgery, or can be treated using chemotherapy and radiotherapy depending on its particular pattern change.

                       Guru Multispecialty Hospital, Madurai is a Cancer Treatment  Center with advanced technologies. It is one of the largest cancer centers in Tamil Nadu. We are offering treatment for all types of cancers and our doctors are efficient in treating cancer.If you have any inquiries,

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